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(Chicago.CityRegions.Com, September 21, 2021 ) The global Chlor-Alkali market size is estimated to be USD 63.2 billion in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 77.4 billion by 2026, at a CAGR of 4.1% between 2021 and 2026. The growth in demand for chlor-alkali in the APAC is expected to be driven by the vinyl chain (EDC/VCM/PVC). The demand for chlor-alkali in the APAC is driven by China, which accounts for a major share, globally. China is one of the fastest-growing countries, in terms of chlor-alkali consumption, due to its large chemical and petrochemical industries. India, with its emerging economy is expected to propel the demand for chlor-alkali products during the forecast period. The rising disposable income and focus on the domestic manufacturing industry is expected to increase the demand for chlor-alkali products. However, in Europe, the market for chlor-alkali products is projected to grow at a marginal rate during the forecast period. In North America, and particularly in the US, the growth in demand for chlorine is expected to be driven by the vinyl chain (EDC/VCM/PVC). New capacities are expected to be introduced as the demand from the vinyl industry is projected to increase due to the rising demand from the construction and residential housing sectors in the US.
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The major industry players have adopted expansions, agreements, and acquisitions as growth strategies in the last four years. The leading players in the market are Olin Corporation(US), Westlake Chemical Corporation (US), Tata Chemicals Limited (India), Occidental Petroleum Corporation (US), Formosa Plastics Corporation (Taiwan), Solvay SA (Belgium), Tosoh Corporation (Japan), Hanwha Solutions Corporation (South Korea), Nirma Limited (India), AGC, Inc. (Japan), Dow Inc. (US), Xinjiang Zhongtai Chemical Co. Ltd. (China), INOVYN (UK), Ciner Resources Corporation (US), Wanhua-Borsodchem (Hungary), and others.
Olin Corporation manufactures chemicals and ammunition. Its business is divided into three segments, Chlor Alkali Products and Vinyls, Epoxy (epoxy materials and precursors), and Winchester (arms and ammunition). Its Chlor Alkali Products include chlorine and caustic soda, methyl chloride, methylene chloride, ethylene dichloride & vinyl chloride monomer, chloroform, hydrochloric acid, simultaneously with 1 ton perchloroethylene, carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethylene, bleach products, hydrogen, and potassium hydroxide. The Chlor Alkali and Epoxy businesses were added to the company as a spin-off from The Dow Chemical Company in 2015. The company produces chlorine, caustic soda, and hydrogen through the electrolysis of salt, also known as Electrochemical Unit (ECU). These products are produced simultaneously in the proportion of 1 ton of chlorine to 1.1 tons of caustic soda and 0.03 tons of hydrogen. The company offers these chlor-alkali products for polyvinylchloride (PVC), water treatment, alumina, pulp & paper, detergents & soaps, and other applications. It has seven production facilities for chlorine and caustic soda in the US and Canada. It has a strong presence in North America and also offers its products across Europe, the Asia Pacific, and Latin America.
Westlake Chemical Corporation is a global manufacturer and supplier of petrochemicals, vinyls, polymers, basic chemicals, and building products. The company operates its business through two segments: Vinyls and Olefins. The Olefins segment includes petrochemical products; and ethylene and styrene monomers. The Vinyls segment includes polyvinyl chloride (PVC), vinyl chloride monomers (VCM), ethylene dichloride (EDC), chlor-alkali (chlorine and caustic soda), chlorinated derivative products, and other related products. The company offers products for the packaging, healthcare, automotive, consumer goods, and other sectors. It has an overall production capacity of 22.1 million tons/ year (44.3 billion lbs/yr). It has manufacturing facilities for chlor-alkali products in the US and Germany. The chlorine is utilized for the production of vinyl chloride monomers (VCM), chlorinated derivative products, and supplied to industries. Caustic soda is utilized for the production of alumina, pulp & paper, organic & inorganic chemicals, and others. The company has business operations in North America, Europe, and the APAC.
In 2020, the Chlor-Alkali market saw a dip in growth rate due to COVID-19 and the consequent lockdown across the world. End-use industries such as construction, automotive, pulp & paper, and others were significantly impacted by COVID-19. Due to economic losses, several production activities were suspended until the recovery of the economy. This decline in the manufacturing industry across the globe, in turn, resulted in a decline in the demand for chlor-alkali products. However, the market is expected to grow steadily during the forecast period, with business operations returning to normal.
The companies have initiated the following developments:
In July 2021, Olin Corporation entered into an agreement with ASHTA Chemicals, Inc. (US) to buy and sell chlorine which is produced at ASHTAs Ohio facility in the US.
In January 2021, Formosa Plastic Corporation announced the expansion of production facilities based in the US, Taiwan, and China.
In December 2019, Tata Chemicals acquired 25% partnership interest in Tata Chemicals (Soda Ash) Partners Holdings from The Andover Group, Inc., a subsidiary of Owens-Illinois Inc. for USD 195 million. Through this, the company gained full ownership of Tata Chemicals (Soda Ash).
In November 2018, Tata Chemicals announced an investment worth USD 350 million for the de-bottlenecking of the Mithapur facility which is expected to help increase the production capacity by 150 KT soda ash and 400 KT salt and help reduce the carbon footprint.
In September 2018, AGC, Inc. planned to expand its chlor-alkali business in Thailand by increasing production capacity.
In September 2018, AGC, Inc. planned to expand the PVC capacity for P.T. Asahimas Chemical (Indonesia), one of its subsidiaries to 750,000 tons.
In February 2018, Westlake Chemical Corporation planned to expand the production capacities of chlor-alkali, PVC, and VCM at its facility in Germany and Louisiana, US.
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Mr. Aashish Mehra